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http://www.elversonpuzzle.com/biospot.html

Farnam's Bio Spot Flea & Tick Almost Killed Our Dog."


Six months ago, my family adopted

a one and a half year old Dalmatian,

named Hamish. He had been in a

kill shelter in Connecticut, and was

rescued just one day before he was

scheduled to be destroyed.



To protect him from fleas and ticks,

we chose Frontline - a liquid that is

applied to the dog's back. It gave

us peace of mind knowing that he

had this protection, but it had to be

purchased from a veterinarian and

was quite expensive.



One day while shopping, I came

across an over-the-counter product,

called Bio Spot Flea & Tick Control

(by Farnam Pet Products). It looked

similar to the Frontline product, but it was much cheaper, so I decided to try it. The Bio Spot seemed to work just as well as Frontline, so I used it again six weeks later.



An hour after applying the Bio Spot, I found Hamish thrashing about on the ground. His body was completely stiff. His head was raised in the air, and his jaws were opened wide. A thick foamy saliva was spewing from his mouth. Horrified, I tried to determine if something was stuck in his throat. His windpipe was clear, but he was not breathing. His eyes began to roll back in his head. He was dying and I did not know what to do to save him! We made a desperate call to our veterinarian.





IF YOU SUSPECT AN ADVERSE REACTION TO A FLEA CONTROL PRODUCT...



1. BATHE YOUR PET WITH MILD SOAP AND RINSE WITH LARGE AMOUNTS OF WATER.



2. IF SIGNS CONTINUE (LETHARGY, LOSS OF APPETITE, DROOLING, INCOORDINATION,

LABORED BREATHING, INCREASED EXCITABILITY, ELEVATED BODY TEMPERATURE,

VOMITING, DIARRHEA, OR SEIZURES), CONSULT A VETERINARIAN IMMEDIATELY.



3. REPORT IT TO THE MANUFACTURER OF THE PRODUCT AND THE U.S. EPA.





After a few minutes, Hamish slowly began to recover. We had just witnessed something we had never seen before - a grand mal (severe) seizure. Our veterinarian said that a blood test might help to find the cause, and mentioned the possibility of epilepsy. By the afternoon, Hamish looked much better, but that night he endured three more grand mal seizures.



Why would a healthy dog have four grand mal seizures within twenty hours? I searched the Internet for information on epilepsy, and read that if seizures begin to occur frequently, the animal may have to be euthanized! We would not know the results of the blood test for a week, but we had a feeling it was

not epilepsy, and wondered if the seizures were caused by the Bio Spot.



It seemed unlikely that Bio Spot could have caused the seizures because we had used it (same batch) just six weeks earlier with no adverse effects. Also, the packaging did not list seizures as a possible adverse reaction (it listed only lethargy, itchiness, redness, rash, hair discoloration, or hair loss).



Just in case the seizures were caused by the Bio Spot, we thoroughly washed Hamish to remove as much of it as possible, and took him to our veterinarian for a physical exam and blood test. The exam showed that everything was normal, and the blood test revealed no internal problems. Our veterinarian

could not rule out Bio Spot as the cause of the seizures.



Hamish has not had any seizures since the Bio Spot was thoroughly washed off three weeks ago, and appears to be in good health. However, we worry about irrepairable damage that may have been done to his neurological system, and wonder if short-term exposure to the chemicals in BioSpot will cause any long-term health problems.


CONSUMER ALERT
July 14, 2002
How Bio Spot Works
According to Farnam's website, the ingredients in Bio Spot "move around your dog's coat by several processes including diffusion and capillary action, and transfer from hair to hair as the pet moves." That may lead you to believe that it remains on your dog's coat, therefore it's safe for your dog. The truth is these harmful chemicals are absorbed through the skin and enter the bloodstream. That is also how transdermal patches work - they use the skin as a way to enter the body.



The main active ingredient in Bio Spot is a pesticide known as Permethrin (it is used in more than 18 similar products, including Bayer K9 Advantix, Defend EXspot, and Hartz Control OneSpot). It kills insects by paralyzing their nervous system (that is also how nerve gas works). However, it cannot distinguish between an insect's nervous system, a dog's nervous system, or a human's nervous system. That is why it is important to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after handling.
BY JAMES TERBUSH
James TerBush is a designer of educational games, and lives in Pennsylvania.
® Serious Risk to Health
While never claiming their Bio Spot product is safe for dogs, the Farnam website states, "Nearly all dogs tolerate Bio Spot well." However, that does not mean it is safe for ANY dog. The word "tolerate" means

to bear, endure, or suffer. According to the Natural Resources Defense Council:



"Many and perhaps most Americans believe that commercially available pesticides, such as those found in pet products, are tightly regulated by the government. In fact, they are not. Not until the passage of a 1996 law focused on pesticides in food did the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) begin examining the risks from pesticides in pet products in earnest. To this day, the EPA allows the manufacture and sale of pet products containing hazardous insecticides with little or no demonstration that a child's exposure to these ingredients would be safe. Just because these products are on store shelves does

not mean they have been tested or can be presumed safe."



"Of course, as bad as these products may be for pet owners and caregivers, they often are worse for

the pets themselves. Based on the very limited data available, it appears that hundreds and probably thousands of pets have been injured or killed through exposure to pet products containing pesticides.

As with small children, pets cannot report when they're being poisoned at low doses."



Natural Resources Defense Council

Health Hazards from Flea and Tick Products (Executive Summary)

November, 2000



What is known about Bio Spot's main active ingredient, Permethrin? A few drops of it can be deadly

to a cat. Toxicological studies have linked this pesticide to serious acute and chronic health effects. The EPA has classified it as a possible human carcinogen because it increases the frequency of lung and liver tumors in laboratory animals. It suppresses the immune system. Permethrin is also suspected to have played an important role in the development of illnesses known as the Gulf War Syndrome.



In a recently published journal entitled, Experimental Neurology, researchers at Duke University Medical Center found that frequent and prolonged use of Permethrin on adult rats lead to cell death in their brains. In another recent study, researchers at Virginia Tech found that low-level exposure to Permethrin caused changes in the brain that could lead to Parkinson's Disease.



The inert ingredients in Bio Spot, which are not disclosed, may pose an even greater risk because they receive much less scrutiny by the Environmental Protection Agency. The cumulative and synergistic

effects of these chemicals are not required to be tested for safety.



Is it true that nearly all dogs tolerate Bio Spot well? Perhaps, but the risk of short-term exposure includes severe adverse reactions, and the risk of long-term exposure is unknown.



As of November 28, 2006, this website has had over 112,739 visitors!



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http://www.hsus.org/ace/11795





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SCIENCE GAP AT THE EPA

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DON'T WAIT FOR THE EPA - OR ANYONE

http://www.mindfully.org/Pesticide/Dont-Wait-For-EPA.htm





OUR RIGHT-TO-KNOW : PESTICIDE PRODUCT LABELS

http://www.crtk.org/detail.cfm?docID=680&cat=posting and labeling





WHAT IS HOUSEHOLD HAZARDOUS WASTE?

http://www.ycsw.org/index.asp?sel=40





UNCALCULATED RISKS IN SOME PESTICIDES, UCR STUDY FINDS

http://www.newsroom.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/display.cgi?id=962





A COCKTAIL OF PROBLEMS

http://www.pan-uk.org/pestnews/pn55/pn55p10.htm





PESTICIDES IN YOUR HOME

http://www.checnet.org/healthehouse/education/articles-detail.asp?Main_ID=439





BEWARE THE AIR YOU BREATHE AT HOME

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/09/16/tech/main573504.shtml





EFFECTS OF PERMETHRIN EXPOSURE ON BRAIN FUNCTION

http://toxsci.oupjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/60/2/305





LEARNING HAZARDS

http://www.thegreenguide.com/doc.mhtml?i=109&s=pbde





MAKING THE LINK BETWEEN CHEMICALS AND LEARNING DISABILITIES

http://www.panna.org/resources/gpc/gpc_200308.13.2.09.dv.html





PESTICIDE EXPOSURE DURING PREGNANCY

http://www.chem-tox.com/pregnancy/pregpest.htm





EDITORIAL: PARKINSON'S RESEARCH PAINTS A GRIM PICTURE

http://www.startribune.com/561/story/144400.html





MOTOR NEURONE DISEASE MAY BE LINKED TO PESTICIDE EXPOSURE

http://www.abc.net.au/news/health/sophie_scott/newsitems/s1560205.htm





RESEARCH BOLSTERS LINK OF PESTICIDES TO PARKINSON'S

http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2002671171_parkinsons08.html





PARKINSON'S LINKED TO INSECTICIDE USE

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/738020.stm





DATA LINK INSECTICIDE AND PARKINSON'S

http://www.applesforhealth.com/HealthySenior/datinspark4.html





INSECTICIDE CAUSES MAD COW DISEASE

http://www.mercola.com/2000/dec/17/bovine_spongiform_disease.htm





A TYPE OF PESTICIDE SEEN AS A SAFER ALTERNATIVE IS GETTING A RE-EVALUATION BY STATE AND FEDERAL AGENCIES

http://www.recordnet.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060227/NEWS01/602270312/1001





ALTERED BREAST TISSUE DEVELOPMENT IN YOUNG GIRLS LINKED TO PESTICIDES

http://news.ufl.edu/2006/06/07/breast-changes/





PYRETHROIDS AND THE RISK OF BREAST CANCER

http://envirocancer.cornell.edu/bibliography/pesticide/bib.pyrethroid.cfm





PYRETHROIDS: NOT AS SAFE AS YOU THINK

http://www.anapsid.org/pyrethroids.html





WHAT ARE "INERT" INGREDIENTS?

http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0ISW/is_252/ai_n6160501





THE SECRET INGREDIENTS IN PESTICIDES: REDUCING THE RISK

http://www.oag.state.ny.us/press/reports/inerts/pesticide_inerts.html





PESTICIDES' INERT INGREDIENTS SHOULD ALSO CAUSE CONCERN

http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/04/22/HOGUGICB0D1.DTL





FARM HARM: AG CHEMICALS MAY CAUSE PROSTATE CANCER

http://www.phschool.com/science/science_news/articles/farm_harm_prostate.html





PESTICIDE BUGS AIR PASSENGERS - SPRAY TO HALT SPREAD OF DISEASE SICKENS SOME

http://www.junkscience.com/news3/airpest.htm





FLIGHT ATTENDANTS CALL FOR END TO ON-BOARD INSECTICIDES

http://www.nwlaborpress.org/2004/5-7-04AFA.html





HARTZ CONTROL ONE-SPOT

http://www.moggies.co.uk/warning.html#hartz





FLEA -CONTROL PRODUCTS THREATEN PETS AND HUMANS

http://www.ecoworld.org/Earth/articles/articles2.cfm?TID=143





JURY AWARDS HORSE FARM $1 MILLION IN FEED ADDITIVE LAWSUIT

http://www.standardbredcanada.ca/news/iss0404/equitrol0408.html





VETERINARY MEDICINE: POISONINGS IN PETS

http://vetmedicine.about.com/library/weekly/aa042600a.htm





PERMETHRIN AND PYRETHRIN TOXICITY: FLEA PRODUCT TOXICITY

http://www.petplace.com/articles/artShow.asp?artID=1254





HARTZ TO RELABEL AND CANCEL FLEA AND TICK DROPS FOR CATS AND KITTENS

http://yosemite.epa.gov/opa/admpress.nsf/0/5c939b447d62b1f385257015007c6765?OpenDocument





HARTZ FLEA, TICK DROPS GENERATING THOUSANDS OF COMPLAINTS

http://www.nbc6.net/money/3529286/detail.html





HARTZ VICTIMS ORGANIZATION - ONE MORE VICTIM IS ONE TOO MANY

http://www.hartzvictims.org/





FDA RECALLS POPULAR HEARTWORM DRUG (PROHEART 6) FOR DOGS

http://msnbc.msn.com/id/5908836/





DEDICATED ORGANIZATION FOR OUR PETS GENERAL SAFETY

http://www.dogsadversereactions.com/





CANINES IN CRISES - PEOPLE FOR PETS EXCHANGE

http://www.caninesincrisis.org/





PET ADVOCATE 101

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/PetAdvocate101/





HOW TO REACT IN FRONT OF A VET COMPLAINING ABOUT VOMITING IN DOGS AFTER TREATMENT WITH DRONTAL PLUS

http://www.animalhealth.bayerhealthcare.com/Drontal.337.0.html#377





CAT DIES AFTER GETTING OVER-THE-COUNTER FLEA TREATMENT

http://www.thekansascitychannel.com/family/3384622/detail.html





FOOD PETS DIE FOR: SHOCKING FACTS ABOUT PET FOOD

http://www.newsagepress.com/foodpetsdiefor.html





FOOD NOT FIT FOR A PET

http://www.belfield.com/article3.html





FOOD EVEN A DOG SHOULDN'T EAT - KILLING OUR PETS WITH EVERY MEAL

http://drjackie.freeservers.com/articles/mar28-1999_food_even_a_dog.html





DOGS AND PESTICIDE USE

http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/U/UNP-0050/UNP-0050.pdf





GREYHOUNDS OF EASTERN MICHIGAN

http://www.gemgreyhounds.org/guide/gde_med.htm





POISONS ON PETS: HEALTH HAZARDS FROM FLEA AND TICK PRODUCTS

http://www.nrdc.org/health/effects/pets/execsum.asp





NEUROTOXICITY IN DOGS & CATS

http://www.ivis.org/special_books/Braund/braund22/chapter_frm.asp?LA=1#pyrethrin





HEALTH HAZARDS POSED TO PESTICIDE APPLICATORS

http://www.pesticide.org/RHSLApplicatorExposure.pdf





RECOGNITION AND MANAGEMENT OF PESTICIDE POISONING

http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/safety/healthcare/handbook/handbook.pdf





MECHANISMS OF PYRETHROID NEUROTOXICITY

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/...ve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11812616&dopt=Abstract





SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PESTICIDE POISONING

http://www.rst2.edu/ties/DDTS/university/docs/toxic.pdf





ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES

http://www.herc.org/news/mcsarticles/forum.html





PESTICIDE FACTS

http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Environment/RATE/pestfact.html





VETERINARIANS WON'T PRESCRIBE FRONTLINE BECAUSE THEY SAY IT ISN'T WORKING

http://www.thestate.com/mld/thestate/news/nation/16070271.htm





FIPRONIL - LETTER FROM THE NEW YORK STATE DEPT. OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION

http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/profile...n-methylpara/fipronil/new-act-ing-fipron.html





THE RECONSIDERATION OF APPROVALS AND REGISTRATIONS RELATING TO FIPRONIL (THE PESTICIDE IN FRONTLINE)

http://www.apvma.gov.au/chemrev/fipronil.pdf





RECONSIDERATION OF APPROVALS AND REGISTRATIONS RELATED TO FIPRONIL (THE PESTICIDE IN FRONTLINE)

http://www.apvma.gov.au/gazette/gazette0310p59_v2.pdf





FRONTLINE SPOT ON FOR DOGS - SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS

http://www.imb.ie/view_spc.asp?pa_number=10857/005/001





NOVEL DRUG DELIVERY STRATEGIES IN VETERINARY MEDICINE - (FRONTLINE)

http://www.ukicrs.org/VDDR.htm





FRONTLINE FACTS

http://www.redmap.co.uk/ferretsabout/html/facts.html





MEDICAL ALERT: PROBLEMS REPORTED WITH NEW TOPICAL FLEA PRODUCTS

http://www.rabbit.org/chapters/san-diego/health/vet-talk/frontline.html





DOG FLEASPRAY (FRONTLINE) USED ON KIDS

http://times-age.co.nz/storydisplay...localnews&thesubsection=&thesecondsubsection=





COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF A COMBINATION OF FIPRONIL/(S)-METHOPRENE, A COMBINATION OF IMIDACLOPRID/PERMETHRIN,

AND IMIDACLOPRID AGAINST FLEAS AND TICKS WHEN ADMINISTERED TOPICALLY TO DOGS

http://www.jarvm.com/articles/Vol2Iss1/MCCALL.htm





FARNAM BIOSPOT FOR DOGS - MATERIAL DATA SAFETY SHEET (MSDS)

http://msds.farnam.com/msds/m000861.htm





BAYER K9 ADVANTIX - MATERIAL DATA SAFETY SHEET (MSDS)

http://www.kellysolutions.com/erenewals/documentsubmit/KellyData/OK/pesticide/MSDS/11556/11556-135/

11556%2D135%5FK9%5FAdvantix%5F55%5F5%5F4%5F2004%5F2%5F12%5F30%5FPM%2Epdf





MERIAL FRONTLINE PLUS FOR DOGS - MATERIAL DATA SAFETY SHEET (MSDS)

https://www.accessbutler.com/msdsimages/A0000792.pdf





RESEARCHER SAYS WORK'S TIE TO WAR ILLNESS GOT HIM FIRED

http://home.att.net/~vet_updates/jmoss.htm





WHY PESTICIDE SPRAYING FOR WEST NILE VIRUS MAY CAUSE MORE HARM THAN GOOD

http://www.meepi.org/wnv/overkillma.htm







*********************************************************************





How do I report an adverse reaction to a flea control product?





If you suspect your pet had an adverse reaction to a pesticide product, please contact:



U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Office of Pesticide Programs (Mail Code 7509C)

Ariel Rios Building

1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW

Washington, D.C. 20460

E-mail: [email protected]







Why has the EPA failed to protect

animals from being injured and killed

by pet pesticide products?



Look no further than EPA Administrator

Stephen Johnson - the lapdog for the

pesticide industry.







*********************************************************************
To learn more about the health risks of flea control products and safer alternatives, visit the following websites:



CAUTION: This information is provided for educational purposes only. It is not intended to replace professional veterinary advice. Please consult with your veterinarian before giving any treatment to your animals.
Message Board - Let Others Know About Your Experience
Vol. 1 : 8/28/02 - 7/17/03
Vol. 2 : 7/19/03 - 10/14/03
Vol. 3 : 10/14/03 - 6/26/04
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Vol. 4 : 6/29/04 - 10/4/04
Vol. 5 : 10/5/04 - 2/8/05
Vol. 6 : 2/9/05 - 6/9/05
Vol. 7 : 6/10/05 - 8/4/05
Vol. 8 : 8/4/05 - 11/11/05
For more information on your pet's health, please visit:
Pet Advocate 101



And what is good, Phaedrus, and what is not good -

Need we ask anyone to tell us these things?



-Plato, The Phaedrus



Vol. 9 : 11/12/05 - 5/9/06
Vol. 10 : 5/10/06 - 7/10/06
Vol. 11 : 7/11/06 - 9/7/06

"Although research has demonstrated a link between

pesticide exposure and health effects, the question of how much exposure over what period of time has not yet been answered. Because we don't know how much is safe, we must, as a precaution, assume that no level is safe."



Thomas Arcury, PhD

Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Vol. 12 : 9/8/06 - 11/7/06
"After the granting of a marketing authorisation, veterinary medicines must continue to meet the requirements for safety and efficacy and offer an acceptable balance between their

benefits and risks. An inexpensive and effective method for ensuring continued safe and effective use of veterinary medicinal products following their introduction to the market place is through the spontaneous reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions to the relevant authority."



David Murphy, MVB PhD

Veterinary Assessor

Irish Medicines Board

Vol. 13 : 11/8/06 - Present
 
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